This Day in History - February 12

February 12

1294 – The conqueror of Asia, Kublai Khan, dies

1554 – Lady Jane Grey, the Queen of England for only thirteen days, is beheaded for treason

1700 – The great Northern War begins in Northern Europe involving Denmark-Norway, Saxony, Russia and the Swedish Empire

1709 – Alexander Selkirk is rescued from Juan Fernandez Island after more than four years living there alone

1733 – The first English colonists arrive in Georgia

1768 – Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, is born

1775 – Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams, is born

1789 – Vermont Patriot Ethan Allen dies

1793 – The first fugitive slave law is passed

1804 – Russian and German philosopher Immanuel Kant dies

1809 – Future President Abraham Lincoln is born

1809 – Theorist Charles Darwin is born

1818 – Chile gains independence from Spain

1828 – English poet and novelist George Meredith is born

1828 – Confederate General Robert Ransom Jr. is born

1836 – Mexican General Santa Anna crosses the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo

1857 – French photographer Eugene Atget is born

1865 – The Reverend Dr. Henry Garnet, the first black to address the US House of Representatives, delivers a sermon on slavery and the victories of the Union army

1870 – The Utah Territory granted women the right to vote

1870 – English actress and singer Marie Lloyd is born

1874 – French architect Auguste Perret is born

1876 – 13th Dalai Lama is born

1877 – French businessman Louis Renault is born

1880 – American labor leader John Lewis is born

1893 – US Army general during World War II, Omar Bradley is born

1909 – The NAACP is formed

1912 – China becomes a republic after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty and Hsian-T’ung’s abdication

1915 – Actor Lorne Greene is born

1915 – One of the largest air raids of World War I begins, when 34 planes from the British Naval Wing attack German-occupied Blankenberghe, Ostend, and Zeebrugge in Belgium

1917 – The Austrian submarine U-35 bombs and sinks American schooner Lyman M. Law off the coast of Cagliari, Sardinia.  The eight Americans and two British sailors aboard the schooner were ordered off before the bomb detonated.  They were transported to Cagliari and released uninjured

1921 – Winston Churchill is appointed colonial secretary

1924 – George Gershwin’s symphonic jazz composition Rhapsody in Blue premieres with Gershwin himself playing piano

1929 – Charles Lindbergh announces his engagement to Anne Morrow

1931 – Japan has its first television broadcast-- a baseball game

1934 – Future star center for the Boston Celtics, Bill Russell is born

1935 – The last US Navy dirigible, the Macon, crashes near California, killing two

1938 – Japan refuses to reveal navy data requested by Britain and the US

1938 – Author Judy Blume is born

1940 – The Soviet Union signs a trade treaty with Germany to aid against the British blockade

1941 – German General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli, Libya with the Afrika Korps to reinforce the Italian’s positions there

1944 – Wendell Wilkie enters the presidential race against Franklin Roosevelt

1949 – Muslim Brotherhood chief Hassan el Banna is shot and killed in Cairo

1953 – The Soviets break off diplomatic relations with Israel after the bombing of Soviet legation

1966 – The South Vietnamese win two big battles in the Mekong Delta

1972 – Senator Edward Kennedy advocates amnesty for Vietnam draft resisters

1972 – 6,000 Cambodian troops launch an attack to retake Angkor Wat from the North Vietnamese

1973 – The release of US POWs begins in Hanoi as part of the Paris peace agreements

1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army asks the Hearst family for $230 million in food for the poor

1976 – Actor Sal Mineo is stabbed to death in Hollywood, California by Lionel Williams.  Williams was given a life sentence

1979 – French director Jean Renoir dies

1980 – The Lake Placid Winter Olympics opens in New York

1986 – Human rights activist Anatoly Scharansky is released after serving eight years in Soviet prison and labor camps as part of a deal struck between Gorbachev and President Reagan

1987 – A Court in Texas upholds $8.5 billion of a fine imposed on Texaco for the illegal takeover of Getty Oil

1988 – Two Soviet warships bump two US Navy vessels in waters claimed by the Soviet Union in the Crimean peninsula

1994 – Edvard Munch’s “The Scream” is stolen but will be recovered a few months later

1999 – The US Senate fails to pass two articles of impeachment against Bill Clinton who was accused of perjury and obstruction of justice by the House

2000 – American cartoonist Charles M. Schultz dies

2000 – American singer, songwriter, producer and actor Screamin’ Jay Hawkins dies

2001 – NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft touches down on 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid

2002 – Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic goes on trial in the Netherlands on charges of genocide and war crimes in Bosnia, Croatia, and Kosovo.  He will die before judgment is reached.

2002 – An Iranian passenger jet, Tupolev 154, crashes into a mountain, killing all 117 on board

2008 – GM offers buyouts to all 74,000 of its hourly employees in attempt to cut costs

2008 – Hollywood’s longest strike, the Writers Guild of America’s strike, ends

2010 – The Winter Olympics opens in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada with a tragic start as a luger from the Republic of Georgia dies in a crash during a training run

2013 – North Korea confirms it successfully tested a nuclear device that could be converted into a weapon

Written by Crystal McCann

Crystal is the Chief Operating Officer of Lanterns Media Network and the owner of Madisons Media. She lives in Texas with her husband and dogs and is the proud mother of two adult children.

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